AAAMP Value Blog

A Value Investing Blog

Slow and Steady Wins the Race

Strategic Asset Allocation: A Failed Model?

A strategic asset allocation model is one in which the mix of portfolio assets is fixed according to the individual investor’s profile. The percentage of assets allocated to cash, bonds, stocks, real estate, etc. is set according to the investor’s goals and strategies, current financial status, and risk tolerance.

Market Capitalization: Calculation and Categories

The market capitalization calculation is an important and useful stock valuation formula for investment analysis. Market capitalization (a.k.a. market cap) is the total market value of all the company’s outstanding equity shares. This represents the total value the market has placed on the value of a company’s common stock.

34 Investment Strategies and Rules to Make You a Better Investor

The most important attribute of successful investors is discipline in following a set of investment strategies and rules. In other words you don’t have to have a high IQ, a high education, extensive experience, or even great instinct.
You can be a successful investor by being disciplined in following a set of investment strategies and rules that guide you through bull and bear markets, times of greed and times of fear, and periods of high risk and periods of great opportunity.

Reinvesting Dividends Benefits

Reinvesting dividends provides benefits that shouldn’t be ignored. If fact, I’ll go so far as to say that almost everyone should reinvest their dividends regardless of their age or personal situation. We all love dividends. Dividends provide income and receive...

Modern Portfolio Theory

Modern Portfolio Theory was developed in the 1950’s with the belief that portfolio returns could be maximized for a given amount of investment risk by combining assets in a particular manner.
The theory is that, using relationships between risk and return such as alpha and beta, and defining risk as the standard deviation of return, an “efficient frontier” for investing can be identified and exploited for maximum gain at a given amount of risk.

ETF Portfolios Guide – Advantages, Disadvantages, Newsletter

Arbor Investment Planner recognizes the need for an ETF Portfolios Guide. The goal is to assist the apprentice investors in their portfolio management decisions. The explosion in the number of ETFs means there is a large variety of ETFs to choose from today.

ETFs are the perfect investment vehicle for the apprentice investor, investors with small portfolios, or investors with large portfolios who want significant diversification in a targeted geographical area, sector, or industry. Used wisely they can be a valuable tool to lower risk and/or improve portfolio returns.

What is the Difference Between Saving, Investing, and Gambling?

Recognizing the differences between saving, investing, and gambling will help you compartmentalize each, and avoid common mistakes. It’s an easy mistake because not enough people think it through, and the terms are used interchangeably in our culture. Keeping saving, investing, and gambling three separate activities in your mind and in your account structure will help you be more successful managing your money and growing your wealth.

Explain Free Cash Flow and Free Cash Flow Yield

Free Cash Flow determines whether a company has sufficient cash resources to meet the goals of the entity and its’ stakeholders (debt reduction, dividends, stock buybacks, acquisitions, etc.).
Free Cash Flow Yield determines if the stock price provides good value for the amount of free cash flow being generated.

Buy and Hold Works….Until It Doesn’t

Buy and Hold is considered by many to be the holy grail of investing. Its current popularity has become a cult-like strategy that draws criticism to its critics and disdain towards those who dare speak out against the beloved investing strategy.

So buy and hold works….until it doesn’t. People will quote all kinds of statistics “proving” that buy and hold works. Its the trend of our day. This is nothing new. Bull markets make buy and hold look good. Bear markets make buy and hold look bad.

Gross Profitability Ratio – Qualitative Analysis

The Gross Profitability Ratio is gaining credibility in value investing circles because it provides valuable and predictive qualitative analysis when combined with valuation metrics. Some analysts argue it is the single best qualitative metric with which to compare multiple stocks (particularly within the same industry) that have already been determined to be bargains.

Book of Value Quotes by Anurag Sharma

The quotes from the Book of Value by Anurag Sharma are investment gems that include deep “second-level thinking”.

Careful and rigorous analysis helps investors resist the temptation to do foolish things. Good investors are capitalists — they invest on the basis of sound data and analysis, with an eye for what could go wrong.

Dividend Coverage Ratios: How Safe is Your Dividend?

Dividend Coverage Ratios allow analysts to evaluate the safety of a company’s dividend. Many investors concentrate on the dividend yield but don’t give sufficient attention to the safety of that dividend.

In the long run companies must create enough cash flow to pay expenses, invest in the future (capital expenditures), service their debt (if any), and return money to shareholders.

Dividend Yield: Definition, Calculation, & Relationship

Dividend yield is the annual dividend per share of a company compared to the price of the stock expressed as percentage. In other words it tells you the percentage dividend return the stock owner receives on the current price of a stock.

The dividend yield has historically provided approximately one-half of long term total stock market returns to investors. It’s a little less than one-half for those who take their dividend and little over one-half for those who reinvest their dividends.

Dividend Payout Ratio vs. Cash Dividend Payout Ratio

Dividend Payout Ratios provide us valuable information on how much money a company is returning to shareholders and their ability to pay and increase the dividend. One of these ratios is far superior to the other.

The Dividend Payout Ratio and the Cash Dividend Payout Ratio are compared to find out which is better at providing pertinent information to differentiate between various dividend paying companies.

Net Financial Debt and Ratios: Analyzing Leverage & Risk

Net Financial Debt and its ratios are an effective and efficient metric when analyzing companies. These metrics are more important than ever because of the corporate trend to leave cash overseas and borrow domestically.

The balance sheet is the foundation from which a company operates its business. A company’s liquidity and the leverage used play a big role in the success or failure of a business. Net Financial Debt is a critical metric for investment analysis.

Intrinsic Value and Its Relationship to Margin of Safety

The purpose of estimating intrinsic value is to take advantage of mis-priced assets. Don’t get discouraged because you feel it’s difficult to determine the intrinsic value of a stock. It is not a science! It is the variables that make up your estimated intrinsic value that are more important than an exact intrinsic value number.

Portfolio Diversification Definition and Purpose

Portfolio Diversification is a foundational concept in investing. It can be a rather basic and easy to understand concept. However, in its implementation, many investors make catastrophic mistakes with too much concentration and others settle for average performance because of over diversification.
Portfolio diversification is a balance between concentration and over diversification to optimize risk and potential return.

Altman Z-Score Formula – Screening For Bankruptcy Risk

As value investors, one of our most important rules is to avoid incurring large losses. There are two easy ways to subject yourself to possible large losses; buy stocks for more than they’re worth, and buy stocks of companies that go bankrupt. The Altman Z-Score is a formula of 5 basic financial ratios to help determine the financial health of a company. In particular, it is a probabilistic model to screen for bankruptcy risk of a company.

Price and Value: Know the Difference

Many investors don’t differentiate between price and value. Buying stocks at bargain prices lowers your risk considerably. If you are buying stocks just because everyone else is (they are going up) then you are playing with fire. You will eventually get burned. To be a successful investor you must differentiate, and understand the relationship, between price and value.

The Most Important Thing by Howard Marks: Book Review and Summary

Howard Marks delivers his commentary in a style that has been described as “insightful, direct, homespun, expert and sharply pointed”. His objective in writing The Most Important Thing was to provide a book that would lay out his investment philosophy in a manner that would be beneficial to the average investor.

His approach is to lay out The Most Important Thing Is….. in 20 Chapters. Each is a building block to successful investing. Together they create a “solid wall” in which each piece is essential “guideposts” that keep investors focused on the most important things for successful portfolio management.

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About

Ken Faulkenberry - Arbor Investment PlannerAs founder of the Arbor Investment Planner my passion is to educate and empower the individual investors to manage their own investment portfolio. The Arbor Investment Planner is a value investment portfolio management guide for those individual investors who choose to manage their own money. I focus on ideas and concepts important to the self directed investor; but put special emphasis on risk management, value investing strategies, and proper asset allocation and diversification.

- Ken Faulkenberry

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