AAAMP Value Blog
A Value Investing Blog
Slow and Steady Wins the Race
Several decades ago, when Peter Lynch popularized this ratio, simple metrics such as the PEG ratio served a valuable purpose; providing valuation guidelines for investors to follow in an era when metrics weren’t easily accessible. The trade off between price and growth is a concept every investor should understand.
Large drawdowns are a cause of tragic investment failure. Drawdowns destroy investment capital and more often than not, shatter an investor’s confidence. Sometimes it even causes investors to lose their motivation to continue investing. Losing your principal is the...
Earnings Yield in its simplest form is earnings dividend by price. It is expressed as a percentage of the investment value and is the reciprocal of the price/earnings (PE ratio).
Many investors fail because they try to beat the market on too short of a time horizon. Here are 5 foolproof ideas to beat the market in the long run.
We review 3 steps to avoid repeating investment mistakes: identify mistakes, analyze reasons for investment mistakes, and find replacement actions.
We’re going to examine the difference between fundamental and technical analysis. Fundamental stock analysis is the process of financial statement analysis. Technical analysis is the forecasting of the future price of a financial asset using primarily historical price and volume data.
A strategic asset allocation model is one in which the mix of portfolio assets is fixed according to the individual investor’s profile. The percentage of assets allocated to cash, bonds, stocks, real estate, etc. is set according to the investor’s goals and strategies, current financial status, and risk tolerance.
This post teaches the basics: what a bond is, bond terms, the relationship between price and yield, and the two main risks of owning bonds.
What is Common Stock? Common stock is a type of equity share issued by a corporation or entity. The buyers of common stock are referred to as shareholders. Ownership Equity Common stocks are fractional shares or a percentage equity ownership of an entity. Shares...
The market capitalization calculation is an important and useful stock valuation formula for investment analysis. Market capitalization (a.k.a. market cap) is the total market value of all the company’s outstanding equity shares. This represents the total value the market has placed on the value of a company’s common stock.
This inflation guide explains why the inflation trend should be a major consideration in your portfolio asset allocation. Then we examine each inflation trend and analyze which asset allocation categories should be considered or avoided for increasing inflation, disinflation, and deflation.
Use investment diversification of non-correlated assets to minimize unsystematic risk. This is the only “free ride” available to portfolio managers.
The most important attribute of successful investors is discipline in following a set of investment strategies and rules. In other words you don’t have to have a high IQ, a high education, extensive experience, or even great instinct.
You can be a successful investor by being disciplined in following a set of investment strategies and rules that guide you through bull and bear markets, times of greed and times of fear, and periods of high risk and periods of great opportunity.
Reinvesting dividends provides benefits that shouldn’t be ignored. If fact, I’ll go so far as to say that almost everyone should reinvest their dividends regardless of their age or personal situation. We all love dividends. Dividends provide income and receive...
Standard deviation and probability are concepts that make us better risk managers because they cause us to consider lower probability outcomes when making investment decisions.
Modern Portfolio Theory was developed in the 1950’s with the belief that portfolio returns could be maximized for a given amount of investment risk by combining assets in a particular manner.
The theory is that, using relationships between risk and return such as alpha and beta, and defining risk as the standard deviation of return, an “efficient frontier” for investing can be identified and exploited for maximum gain at a given amount of risk.
What is an ETF? An Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) is an investment vehicle; a hybrid of mutual funds, and closed-end funds. ETFs hold a basket of assets such as stocks, bonds, or commodities; and trade on a market exchange so they can be traded anytime stocks trade. Most...
Asset Allocation by Age has experienced various amounts of popularity through different time periods. Financial planners and Wall Street have joined together over the years to promote rules of thumb and products such as target date funds that have produced mediocre...
Recognizing the differences between saving, investing, and gambling will help you compartmentalize each, and avoid common mistakes. It’s an easy mistake because not enough people think it through, and the terms are used interchangeably in our culture. Keeping saving, investing, and gambling three separate activities in your mind and in your account structure will help you be more successful managing your money and growing your wealth.
Free Cash Flow determines whether a company has sufficient cash resources to meet the goals of the entity and its’ stakeholders (debt reduction, dividends, stock buybacks, acquisitions, etc.).
Free Cash Flow Yield determines if the stock price provides good value for the amount of free cash flow being generated.
Over diversification is a serious and common mistake that decreases investment returns disproportionately to the benefits received.
There are 3 main types of investors today; each with their own characteristics and results: The buy high sell low investor, the index investor (passive management), and the value investor.
Buy and Hold is considered by many to be the holy grail of investing. Its current popularity has become a cult-like strategy that draws criticism to its critics and disdain towards those who dare speak out against the beloved investing strategy.
So buy and hold works….until it doesn’t. People will quote all kinds of statistics “proving” that buy and hold works. Its the trend of our day. This is nothing new. Bull markets make buy and hold look good. Bear markets make buy and hold look bad.
The Gross Profitability Ratio is gaining credibility in value investing circles because it provides valuable and predictive qualitative analysis when combined with valuation metrics. Some analysts argue it is the single best qualitative metric with which to compare multiple stocks (particularly within the same industry) that have already been determined to be bargains.
The quotes from the Book of Value by Anurag Sharma are investment gems that include deep “second-level thinking”.
Careful and rigorous analysis helps investors resist the temptation to do foolish things. Good investors are capitalists — they invest on the basis of sound data and analysis, with an eye for what could go wrong.
Dividend Coverage Ratios allow analysts to evaluate the safety of a company’s dividend. Many investors concentrate on the dividend yield but don’t give sufficient attention to the safety of that dividend.
In the long run companies must create enough cash flow to pay expenses, invest in the future (capital expenditures), service their debt (if any), and return money to shareholders.
Dividend yield is the annual dividend per share of a company compared to the price of the stock expressed as percentage. In other words it tells you the percentage dividend return the stock owner receives on the current price of a stock.
The dividend yield has historically provided approximately one-half of long term total stock market returns to investors. It’s a little less than one-half for those who take their dividend and little over one-half for those who reinvest their dividends.
Dividend Payout Ratios provide us valuable information on how much money a company is returning to shareholders and their ability to pay and increase the dividend. One of these ratios is far superior to the other.
The Dividend Payout Ratio and the Cash Dividend Payout Ratio are compared to find out which is better at providing pertinent information to differentiate between various dividend paying companies.
Operating Earnings Yield is a profitability and valuation ratio; one of my favorite for company stock analysis. This metric provides valuable information about a company’s profitability and how much you are paying for those profits via the stock price.
Treasury Inflation Protected Securities (TIPS) provide benefits that are unavailable with any other investment. We’re going to explore how TIPS work, their benefits, and when it makes sense to buy and hold them in a portfolio.
Net Financial Debt and its ratios are an effective and efficient metric when analyzing companies. These metrics are more important than ever because of the corporate trend to leave cash overseas and borrow domestically.
The balance sheet is the foundation from which a company operates its business. A company’s liquidity and the leverage used play a big role in the success or failure of a business. Net Financial Debt is a critical metric for investment analysis.
Asset Allocation is where investors make their biggest investing mistakes. Portfolio volatility is lowered by combining low or negatively correlated assets.
The purpose of estimating intrinsic value is to take advantage of mis-priced assets. Don’t get discouraged because you feel it’s difficult to determine the intrinsic value of a stock. It is not a science! It is the variables that make up your estimated intrinsic value that are more important than an exact intrinsic value number.